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New tool streamlines the creation of moving pictures

It’s often easy to imagine balloons soaring or butterflies fluttering across a still image, but realizing this vision through computer animation is easier said than done. Now, a team of researchers has developed a new tool …

Computers use social media data to predict crime

In a study published in the EPJ Data Science journal, the team of RMIT researchers show how location and activity data from users of the Foursquare app, when coupled with recommendation algorithms, allows us to predict crimes …

A new method to automate the synthesis of stochastic computing circuits

Researchers at the University of Washington have recently developed a new technique to automate the synthesis of stochastic computing (SC) circuits. Their method, presented in a paper pre-published on arXiv, is based on stochastic …

Making ‘smart headlights’ with machine learning

It’s a common scene for anybody driving at night on a dark road. Zipping around corners and over hills, the car’s high beams are on to improve vision while the driver’s hand remains poised to turn them off at a moment’s notice, …

Using AI to create new fragrances

Skilled perfumers bring art and science together to design new fragrances, a talent that takes ten or more years to develop. Crafting a fragrance that leaves an impression is one of the most important components a consumer …

Bible helps researchers perfect translation algorithms

In search of inspiration for improving computer-based text translators, researchers at Dartmouth College turned to the Bible for guidance. The result is an algorithm trained on various versions of the sacred texts that can …

Artificial intelligence will make you smarter

The future won’t be made by either humans or machines alone – but by both, working together. Technologies modeled on how human brains work are already augmenting people’s abilities, and will only get more influential as …

Redirect2Own: A new approach to protect the intellectual property of user-uploaded content

Every day, millions of users upload content on social media media platforms, including text, pictures and videos. While the creators of this content typically retain intellectual property (IP) rights once it is shared online, …

New technology encodes and processes video orders of magnitude faster than current methods

Computer scientists at the University of California San Diego have developed a new technology that can encode, transform and edit video faster—several orders of magnitude faster—than the current state of the art.

Artificial intelligence—parking a car with only 12 neurons

Computer scientists at TU Wien (Vienna) are improving artificial intelligence by drawing inspiration from biology. The new approaches achieve amazing results with surprisingly little effort.

BinaryGAN: a generative adversarial network with binary neurons

Researchers at the Research Center for IT Innovation of Academia Sinica, in Taiwan, have recently developed a novel generative adversarial network (GAN) that has binary neurons at the output layer of the generator. This model, …

AI and human creativity go hand in hand

What does AI look like? You might say it looks like a robot, or flashing LEDs, or a waveform on a screen. But what would AI say AI looks like? To find out, IBM Research asked AI to draw us a picture… of itself. AI’s self-portrait …

A new strategy to correct imperfections in occupancy grid maps

Researchers at Laboratório de Computação de Alto Desempenho (LCAD) of Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), in Brazil, have devised a novel strategy for correcting imperfections in occupancy grid maps by correcting …

Neural network that securely finds potential drugs could encourage large-scale pooling of sensitive data

MIT researchers have developed a cryptographic system that could help neural networks identify promising drug candidates in massive pharmacological datasets, while keeping the data private. Secure computation done at such …

First proof of quantum computer advantage

For many years, quantum computers were not much more than an idea. Today, companies, governments and intelligence agencies are investing in the development of quantum technology. Robert König, professor for the theory of …

New data science method makes charts easier to read at a glance

Doctors reading EEGs in emergency rooms, first responders looking at multiple screens showing live data feeds from sensors in a disaster zone, brokers buying and selling financial instruments all need to make informed decisions …

New file type improves genomic data sharing while maintaining participant privacy

Based on an analysis of data leakages and opportunities to prevent the potential misuse of genetic information, researchers have developed a new file format for functional genomics data that enables data sharing while protecting …

Brain-inspired algorithm helps AI systems multitask and remember

Behind most of today’s artificial intelligence technologies, from self-driving cars to facial recognition and virtual assistants, lie artificial neural networks. Though based loosely on the way neurons communicate in the …

A new method to instill curiosity in reinforcement learning agents

Several real-world tasks have sparse rewards and this poses challenges for the development of reinforcement learning (RL) algorithms. A solution to this problem is to allow an agent to autonomously create a reward for itself, …

Google researchers see progress in tool to detect breast cancer spread

Spotting breast cancer is something that Google AI is good at doing. How good? An Ubergizmo headline: “Google Claims Its AI Has 99% Accuracy In Detecting Metastatic Breast Cancer.” What’s behind the headline?

Automated system identifies dense tissue, a risk factor for breast cancer, in mammograms

Researchers from MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have developed an automated model that assesses dense breast tissue in mammograms—which is an independent risk factor for breast cancer—as reliably as expert radiologists.

Evolution is at work in computers as well as life sciences

Artificial intelligence research has a lot to learn from nature. My work links biology with computation every day, but recently the rest of the world was reminded of the connection: The 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went …

When the line between machine and artist becomes blurred

With AI becoming incorporated into more aspects of our daily lives, from writing to driving, it’s only natural that artists would also start to experiment with artificial intelligence.

Using smartphone cameras to track alertness

Our level of alertness rises and falls over the course of a workday, sometimes causing our energy to drop and our minds to wander just as we need to perform important tasks.

Using mobile data to model the drinking habits of Swiss youth

Researchers from Idiap Research Institute and EPFL have carried out a study using smartphone data from young Swiss people to better understand the circumstances in which they are most likely to drink. A computer model developed …

Artwork by an algorithm is up for auction, so does that mean AI is now creative?

A painting generated by artificial intelligence will go up for sale at auction later this month – raising again the question of whether a machine can be creative.

Machine-learning model provides risk assessment for complex nonlinear systems, including boats and offshore platforms

Seafaring vessels and offshore platforms endure a constant battery of waves and currents. Over decades of operation, these structures can, without warning, meet head-on with a rogue wave, freak storm, or some other extreme …

Sound, vibration recognition boost context-aware computing

Smart devices can seem dumb if they don’t understand where they are or what people around them are doing. Carnegie Mellon University researchers say this environmental awareness can be enhanced by complementary methods for …

Reusable software for high performance computing

The world’s fastest supercomputer can now perform 200,000 trillion calculations per second, and several companies and government agencies around the world are competing to build a machine that will have the computer power …

Restoring balance in machine learning datasets

If you want to teach a child what an elephant looks like, you have an infinite number of options. Take a photo from National Geographic, a stuffed animal of Dumbo, or an elephant keychain; show it to the child; and the next …

A new developmental reinforcement learning approach for sensorimotor space enlargement

Researchers at the University of Lorraine have recently devised a new type of transfer learning based on model-free deep reinforcement learning with continuous sensorimotor space enlargement. Their approach, presented in …

Prescience: Helping doctors predict the future

During surgery, anesthesiologists monitor and manage patients to make sure they are safe and breathing well. But these doctors can’t always predict when complications will arise.

Dredging the data lake

Data lakes allow information to be added to a system without pre-processing or modelling. Contrast this with a conventional database where data must be delivered in a much more refined and formal manner. Thus a data lake …

An evaluation of the accuracy-efficiency tradeoffs of neural language models

A team of researchers at the University of Waterloo in Canada has recently carried out a study exploring accuracy-efficiency tradeoffs of neural language models (NLMs) specifically applied to mobile devices. In their paper, …

Artificial intelligence helps reveal how people process abstract thought

As artificial intelligence becomes more sophisticated, much of the public attention has focused on how successfully these technologies can compete against humans at chess and other strategy games. A philosopher from the University …

Researchers build a model that predicts business closures in cities with 80% accuracy

Over the past decade, changes in the way people shop have led more and more businesses to close their doors, from small music venues to book shops and even major department stores. This trend has been attributed to several …

Team breaks exaop barrier with deep learning application

A team of computational scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and engineers from NVIDIA has, for the first time, demonstrated an exascale-class deep …

Allusive machines: How new technologies could shape beliefs and theories about life

Two researchers at the IT University of Copenhagen have recently carried out a fascinating study that introduces the concept of “allusive machines,” exploring how technical systems can persuade users into shaping their own …

Social media data used to predict retail failure

Researchers have used a combination of social media and transport data to predict the likelihood that a given retail business will succeed or fail.

Baidu team’s paper describes their neural net approach to match job openings with candidates

One can say that software product types that travel at supersonic speed to consumers’ beating hearts would have to put sites for dating, price-slashed sales alerts and jobs way up at the top. The latter has a new friend …

A new molecular programming language: CRN++

Synthetic biology is a relatively new area of research that could significantly impact a number of fields, including biology, nanofabrication and medicine. A primary challenge in this emerging field is that of embedding computation …

Three tickets to ride quantum computing include D-Wave Leap platform

Never assume you can have the last laugh on IBM’s predictions. In fact, seldom assume IBM is off-base about ways in which technology might move forward. Not that IBM is the only wised-up voice to give pause. But back in …

Could an artificial intelligence be considered a person under the law?

Humans aren’t the only people in society – at least according to the law. In the U.S., corporations have been given rights of free speech and religion. Some natural features also have person-like rights. But both of those …

Crater that killed the dinosaurs reveals how broken rocks can flow like liquid

Sixty-six million years ago, an asteroid the size of a small city smashed into the earth. This impact, the one that would lead to the end of the dinosaurs, left a scar several miles underground and more than 115 miles wide.

A first ‘snapshot’ of the complete spectrum of neutrinos emitted by the sun

About 99 percent of the Sun’s energy emitted as neutrinos is produced through nuclear reaction sequences initiated by proton-proton (pp) fusion in which hydrogen is converted into helium, say scientists including physicist …

Anti-aging molecule NAD+ gets a boost from blocking an enzyme

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is a major player in nutrition today. Studies have shown that NAD+ concentrations decrease during aging and that recovering the body’s levels of NAD+ can prolong both health span and …

Some planetary systems just aren’t into heavy metal

Small planetary systems with multiple planets are not fans of heavy metal—think iron, not Iron Maiden—according to a new Yale University study.

Wood sponge soaks up oil from water

Oil spills and industrial discharge can contaminate water with greasy substances. Although it’s true that oil and water don’t mix, separating and recovering each component can still be challenging. Now, researchers have created …

Cacao analysis dates the dawn of domesticated chocolate trees to 3,600 years ago

Researchers analyzing the genomes of cultivated cacao trees have traced their origin to a “single domestication event” some 3,600 years ago. The discovery opens a new front in a long-running argument regarding when and where …

Growing noise in the ocean can cause dolphins to change their calls

Noise levels in the world’s oceans are on the rise, but little is known about its impact on marine mammals like dolphins that rely on sound for communication. Researchers from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental …

Gene network lets plant roots handle nitrogen

With robotics, computers and advanced genetics, researchers at the University of California, Davis and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory are unraveling how plant roots take up and metabolize nitrogen, the key to plant growth …

Study reveals how gene activity shapes immunity across species

By sequencing genes from over a quarter of a million cells across six mammalian species, researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute, EMBL’s European Bioinformatics Institute and collaborators, have shown how genes in the …

Elephants form joints with trunk to pick up small objects to eat

A team of researchers with members from the Georgia Institute of Technology, the Atlanta Zoo and the Rochester Institute of Technology has uncovered the means by which elephants are able to quickly and easily grab and very …

Scientists unravel the mysteries of polymer strands in fuel cells

Hydrogen fuel cells offer an attractive source of continuous energy for remote applications, from spacecraft to remote weather stations. Fuel cell efficiency decreases as the Nafion membrane, used to separate the anode and …

The pirate of the southern skies

FORS2, an instrument mounted on ESO’s Very Large Telescope, has observed the active star-forming region NGC 2467—sometimes referred to as the Skull and Crossbones Nebula. The image was captured as part of the ESO Cosmic …

Mathematicians propose new hunting model to save rhinos and whales from extinction

Mathematicians have created a new model—of a variety commonly found in the world of finance—to show how to harvest a species at an optimal rate, while making sure that the animals do not get wiped out by chance.

Groundbreaking new technology could allow 100-times-faster internet by harnessing twisted light beams

Broadband fiber-optics carry information on pulses of light, at the speed of light, through optical fibers. But the way the light is encoded at one end and processed at the other affects data speeds.

New Caledonian crows can create tools from multiple parts

An international team of scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology and the University of Oxford has revealed that New Caledonian crows are able to create tools by combining two or more otherwise non-functional …

Noble metal-free catalyst system as active as platinum

Industry uses platinum alloys as catalysts for oxygen reduction, essential in fuel cells and metal-air batteries, among other applications. Expensive and rare, that metal imposes tight restrictions on manufacture. Researchers …

Copernicus Sentinel-5P reveals new atmospheric nasties

With air quality a serious environmental health problem, the Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite is tasked with mapping air pollutants around the entire globe every day. This new mission has been providing data on carbon monoxide, …

Peru’s Quelccaya ice cap could meet its demise by mid-2050s

If warming trends continue, Quelccaya, which until recently was the world’s largest tropical ice cap, will have reached a state of irreversible retreat by the mid-2050s, according to a new study led by University at Albany …

NASA’s Juno mission detects Jupiter wave trains

Massive structures of moving air that appear like waves in Jupiter’s atmosphere were first detected by NASA’s Voyager missions during their flybys of the gas-giant world in 1979. The JunoCam camera aboard NASA’s Juno mission …

‘Superlungs’ gave dinosaurs the energy to run and fight

In the oxygen-poor air of the Mesozoic era, nothing should have been able to move very fast. But Velociraptors could run 64 kilometers per hour. Their secret weapon: superefficient, birdlike lungs, which would have pumped …

Electricity in Martian dust storms helps to form perchlorates

The zip of electricity in Martian dust storms helps to form the huge amounts of perchlorate found in the planet’s soils, according to new research from Washington University in St. Louis.

Electron crystallography found to work as well as X-ray crystallography only on smaller crystals

Two teams working independently have shown that electron crystallography can work as well on smaller crystals as X-ray crystallography does on larger crystals. The first team was made up of members from several institutions …

More goals in quantum soccer

Let’s suppose you were allowed to blindfold German soccer star Timo Werner and turn him on his own axis several times. Then you ask him to take a shot blind. It would be extremely unlikely that he would hit the goal.

Peptide exploits Achilles’ heel of Zika virus

Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have engineered an antiviral peptide that exploits the Zika virus at its Achilles’ heel—the viral membrane—hence stopping the virus from causing …

Research sheds light on genetic processes underlying meningitis and gastroenteritis

Innovative computer software developed by University of Leicester scientists is shedding new light on the genetic makeup of deadly pathogens responsible for meningitis and gastroenteritis

Image: Newborn stars blow bubbles in the Cat’s Paw Nebula

This image from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope shows the Cat’s Paw Nebula, so named for the large, round features that create the impression of a feline footprint. The nebula is a star-forming region in the Milky Way galaxy, …

Seeing a salt solution’s structure supports one hypothesis about how minerals form

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons, isotopes and simulations to “see” the atomic structure of a saturated solution and found evidence supporting one of two competing hypotheses …

The composition of gut bacteria almost recovers after antibiotics

The use of antibiotics has long been linked to deprivation of gut bacteria. Now, a new study from University of Copenhagen shows that the composition and function of gut bacteria can recover after antibiotic treatment in …

New research cracks illegal wildlife trade

Scientists have developed a revolutionary way to determine if animals are being illegally trafficked.

Mussel-inspired defect engineering enhances the mechanical strength of graphene fibers

Researchers have demonstrated the mussel-inspired reinforcement of graphene fibers for the improvement of material properties. A research group under Professor Sang Ouk Kim applied polydopamine as an effective infiltrate …

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